Sunday, April 18, 2010
Why the indian government banned the play "mai nathuram godse bolthi hu",just because gandhi being the father of the nation.There are many unsung heroes we forgot,Veer Savarkar, Lala lajpatrai, Subhashchandra Bose, Bhagat singh, Rajguru, Tansirani, Shivaji, Rana Pratap and thousands of other freedom fighters.
After writing a post on most profolic hero sachin i choosen to write about Nathuram Godse,it looks strange but it means much for me.Most of you can ask the question why Iam writing about the convicts of the assassination of our father of nation.
But Gandhi's assassination was different. Not only were his killers Hindu, they killed a man who had by then come to be regarded at home and abroad as an "apostle of peace" and symbolised the unique doctrine of 'non-violence'. In those early days of freedom, it was unthinkable that anybody would dare raise a finger,leave alone a gun, at Gandhi. Yet Nathuram Vinayak Godse did the unthinkable, with more than a little helpfrom Narayan Apte, Vishnu Karkare, Gopal Godse, Madanlal Pahwa and Digambar Badge. The historic trialthat followed - it was held in Delhi's Red Fort -- captured the imagination of the nation, unleashing sympathy and hate for the conspirators in equal measure. Barring Badge, who was either openly spat upon or secretly
reviled for turning approver -- turncoats may win reprieve from the state, but they are looked down upon by all.
The first book of any substance on Gandhi's assassination was Stanley Wolpert's Nine Hours to Rama,published in 1962 and promptly banned by the Government of India; the ban still remains in place, althoughyou can order a copy from amazon.com. It's largely an anodyne version of the killing that shocked the entireworld, but Wolpert's suggestion that perhaps those responsible for Gandhi's protection failed in their task riled- and continues to rile -- Government. Nine Hours to Rama was made into an eponymous film by MarkRobson in 1963; DVD versions of the film are also available at amazon.com.
Manohar Malgonkar's book, The Men Who Killed Gandhi, a gripping recreation of India's partition,independence and Gandhi's assassination on January 31, 1948, was first published during Mrs Gandhi'sEmergency when manuscripts were cleared by censors who merrily ran their blue pencil through text whichprobably they could not even comprehend. "This made it incumbent upon me to omit certain vital facts,"Malgonkar writes in the introduction to a new and lavishly illustrated edition of the book published by Roli,"such as, for instance, Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar's secret assurance to Mr LB Bhopatkar, that his client, Mr VDSavarkar, had been implicated as a murder suspect on the flimsiest ground." The excised portions find their
rightful place in the new edition, as do rare photographs and documents from the National Archives.Nathuram Godse, Apte and their accomplices look remarkably relaxed during the trial, unconcerned aboutthe possibility of being sentenced to death - eventually Godse and Apte were hanged; Karkare, Gopal Godse,Pahwa were sentenced to life imprisonment.They never regretted their deed.
Those were terrible days. Hindu and Sikh refugees from Pakistan were struggling to keep body and soultogether. Many of them had lost their loved ones in the partition riots -- women were raped in front of theirhusbands and children; young girls were abducted; men were disembowelled; trains arrived laden with deadbodies; people fleeing marauders were set upon with ferocious brutality. Madanlal Pahwa, a young refugee,Malgonkar writes, "reached a place called Fazilka, in Indian territory, and discovered that another refugee
column in which his father and other relatives had set out, had fared much worse. They had been attacked byMuslim mobs: 'Only 40 or 50 had survived out of 400 or 500...'." Delhi was flooded by nearly one millionrefugees, all of them desperately looking for food and shelter. They were distraught and traumatised, unableto figure out why their lives had been turned upside down in so gruesome a manner. Nor could they understand the rationale behind protecting Delhi's Muslims. What left them aghast was Gandhi's insistence that Hindu and Sikh refugees should be sent back to Pakistan and Muslims who had left India be broughtback. It didn't make sense. Nor did the vicious blood-letting that followed. Meanwhile, Pakistan had launched
its mission to smash and grab Jammu & Kashmir and was demanding that India hand over Rs 55 crore, itsshare of the cash reserve inherited from the departing British colonial Government.
The proverbial last straw was Gandhi's threat to go on a fast to force the Government of India to acceptPakistan's demand. In all fairness, it needs to be recalled that Jawaharlal Nehru was opposed to the idea: He famously declared that giving the money to Pakistan would mean providing it with "sinews of war". The old man was not listening: In the end, Gandhi had his way although people were aghast. But did this gross act ofinjustice to the people of India and the callous disregard for the sentiments of millions of refugees --half-a-million people perished in the violence, 12 million were rendered homeless -- justify Nathuram Godse'saction? What inspired Narayan Apte, son of a well-known historian and Sanskrit scholar, to decide on
January 13 (the day Gandhi declared he would go on a fast to press Pakistan's demand for Rs 55 crore) thathe must turn into a killer? What was Madanlal Pahwa's role in the conspiracy? And why did Badge turnapprover?
Entire generations have come of age since The Men Who Killed Gandhi was first published. Children aretaught in school that Gandhi was killed, not why Godse and Apte and the others did what they did.
This is my version of Gandhi's assassination.After listening to the court sequence i am feeling proud to bring you the post Why I Killed Gandhi - The words spelt by Nathuram Godse